A concerted attack on the fort of Sirhind was made by the Marathas and their associates on 8 March 1758. After the death of Islam Shah Suri, the Suri Empire was in a civil war where various contenders to the throne fought each other for supremacy. Mughal empire disappeared; Marathas fought pitched battles and first lost to the Afghans and then to the British Army; Afghans relied on mobility, focussed on loot and did not have the numbers or the acumen to rule; only the Sikhs relying upon Guerrilla Warfare swarmed all over Punjab, uniting when required to deal the coupe de grace on the Mughals and the Afghans to finally became rulers of Punjab. mber of the Armed Forces Tribunal with the status of a high court judge till December 2013. After Muhammad Shah's death, [[266]] Prince Ahmad Shah (r.1748–1754), the hero of the battle of Sirhind, ascended the throne, and although he was a well-meaning and active young man, he could effect no improvement in government affairs. In early May, 1710, after capturing the Fort of Sadhaura, 20km East of Ambala, Banda Singh headed towards Sirhind. This set off wild scenes of jubilation at Pune. However, due to the threat of Ahmed Shah it was vacated for a bounty of Rupees 50000. In theory, Lahore came under Maratha rule against a promise of Rs7.5m. Sirhind became an accursed city due the brutal killing of the two younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh by Nawab Wazir Khan on December 12, 1705 ( Poh 13, 1762). Sikandar sent a force of 30,000 to intercept them but they were def… Wazir Khan marched from Sirhind and joined battle on 10 May, 1710, at Chapar Chiri where today Fateh Burj commemorates the battle. After the death of Islam Shah Suri, the Suri Empire was in a civil war where various contenders to the throne fought each other for supremacy. Sirhind was razed to the ground and donkeys were used symbolically to plough the ground but it took four hard fought battles in 1710, 1758, 1762 and 1764. Sirhind was razed to the ground and donkeys were used symbolically to plough the ground but it took four hard fought battles in 1710, 1758, 1762 and 1764. The entire city was divided and allotted to various Sikh Misls for systematic destruction. Another detachment of his forces captured Dipalpur and Jalandhar. The Battle of Peshawar took place on 8 May 1758 between Maratha Empire and the Durrani Empire. Battle of Kalyan is similar to these military conflicts: Battle of Raigarh (1689), Battle of Khelna, Battle of Chaksana and more. The ‘accursed’ city was subsequently laid low and devastated. The English were at this time reclaiming Calcutta from the Nawab and in July 1757, the battle of Plassey was fought. Wazir Khan was beheaded in the battle. Wazir Khan was beheaded in the battle.. [1], When the Mughals captured back Sirhind from Banda's forces in 1716, the mughals ordered that all men be executed. The 1759 Battle of Lahore had started and the swift Sikhs ran through their guns and defeated the Afghans. The first Battle of Ushant was a naval battle, fought between the French and British navies 100 miles west of the isle of Ile dOuessant, a French island at the mouth of the English Channel off the north-westernmost point of France. First, a massive assault by Sikh warriors led by the redoubtable Baba Banda Singh Bahadur, who conquered Sirhind defeating and killing Subedar Wazir Khan in the battle of Chappar Chiri in May 1710. “Later, they also helped in cleansing the Golden Temple in … After the victory, the town was thoroughly sacked by the victors. Interested in blogging for timesofindia.com? The Battle of Sirhind was fought between the Mughal Empire and the Suri Empire in 1555.. Battle [edit | edit source]. Successful diplomacy needs large heart, quick action, One small act of kindness, one giant leap for WhatsApp uncles, Bengal Third Front: Congress-Left alliance may create complications for Mamata, It’s dead man walking again in Tamil Nadu, TOI will have complete discretion to select bloggers, TOI's decision in this regard will be final. Sikhs Establish Sirhind as Initial Capital. Sirhind Canal, canal in Punjab state, northwestern India. Battle of Mukstar. This cruel action of Wazir Khan and his involvement in the murderous attack on Guru Gobind Singh by his men in 1708 which led to his death, eventually led to the destruction of Sirhind. The last battle of panipat an event that paved way to the servitude Prof. M.Vijaykumar ... for its wealth but was defeated at Manupur near Sirhind by an army where Safdar Jung first showed his valour. A concerted attack on the fort of Sirhind was made by the Marathas and their associates on 8 March 1758. The Siege of Sirhind was fought between the Mughals and Sikh forces in 1710. The fall of Sirhind alarmed Timur Shah Durrani and Jahan Khan at … Ahmad Samad Khan, with his 10,000 Afghan troops, held out for about two weeks before his capitulation on 21 March. Jassa Singh Ahluwalia. After retiring in December 2008, the General served as a Member of the Armed Forces Tribunal with the status of a high court judge till December 2013. The Battle of Attock took place on 28 April 1758 between Maratha Empire and the Durrani Empire. It was a centre of education, trade and commerce and the town had a diameter of 3 kos ie approximately 10 km. [3], https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Siege_of_Sirhind&oldid=996192790, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Aftermath. We use cookies and other tracking technologies to provide services in line with the preferences you reveal while browsing the Website to show personalize content and targeted ads, analyze site traffic, and understand where our audience is coming from in order to improve your browsing experience on our Website. After the victory, the town was thoroughly sacked by the victors. Sikandar Shah Suri was occupied with his struggle against Ibrahim Shah Suri when Humayun mobilized an army from Kabul. however we wall know that marathas with some rajput support and 15000 sikhs went to present day pakisthan and conquered it. The third battle of Panipat, fought on 14 January 1761 between the Marathas led by Sadashiv rao Bhau and a coalition of the Afghan ruler Ahmed Shah Abdali supported by Najibuddaulah, the Rohilla chiefs Hafiz Rehmat and Dunde Khan and the Nawab of Awadh Shujauddaulah, was arguably the largest battle fought anywhere in the world in the eighteenth century. A fierce battle ensued. What followed for the next hundred years is a fascinating period in the history of Punjab where Sikhs, Marathas, Persians, Afghans and the remnants of Mughals vied to control territory and consolidate power. There is a prophesy attributed to Guru Gobind Singh which said that donkeys will plough the land where Sirhind stands and its soil/ruins will be scattered over the entire land between the Yamuna and the Sutlej. The scattering of the soil eventually took place symbolically another 100 years later. Ahmad Samad Khan, with his 10,000 Afghan troops, held out for about two weeks before his capitulation on 21 March. Early in 1758, the Sikhs, in collaboration with the Marathas, sacked Sirhind, drove Prince Taimur, son of Ahmad Shah and his viceroy at Lahore, out of the Punjab. This formidable force crushed the Afghans in 1758 in the Battle of Mahilpur. Just better. During Mughal times the Sirhind Sarkar controlled 28 Parganas covering the entire territory of the Yamuna – Sutlej Doab. Sirhind was the unfortunate witness to the martyrdom of the two younger Sahebzadas of Guru Gobind Singh at the hands of its Governor Wazir Khan, who’d vowed to finish the … The angry Sikhs vowed to wreck vengeance on Sirhind by razing the accursed city to the ground. 1982: Harsimran Singh, Chief Organizer of the Dal Khalsa, was arrested. The history of Sirhind goes back to pre BC times but its heydays were from 1000 AD to 1764 AD when it was finally razed to the ground. Google Books Ahmed Shah Durani again returned in 1759 to establish his writ upto Delhi by defeating the Marathas at Panipat on January 14, 1761. Folks, yesterday marked the 309th anniversary of the day when the Sikhs, led by Banda Singh Bahadur entered the city of Sirhind. Lt Gen H S Panag was General Officer Commanding in Chief (GOC in C) of Army's Northern Command and Central Command. My farmhouse is located on the ruins of Sirhind exactly one km East of the high ground where once stood its impregnable fort, and the ruins tell a tale of vendetta that was heaped not only on the rulers but on the ‘town’ itself. The bricks from the ruins of Sirhind were used for ballasting and the “surkhi” created from the bricks along with lime was used to make mortar for laying of the Ambala – Ludhiana railway which opened on 1 November, 1869. your pahadi rajas attacked guru gobind singh. The Sikhs besieged and stormed the city of Sirhind,[2] and captured the city and quickly moved on to attack the Mughals at the Battle of Rahon. He was tortured by the Indian police and forced to read out a written statement if he wanted to save his life. By continuing to browse this Website, you consent to the use of these cookies. Here’s a short blog on the events leading up to this significant victory for the Khalsa Panth. He captured Rohtas Fort and Lahore in February 1555. If you wish to object such processing, please read the instructions described in our Cookie Policy / Privacy Policy. A city spread over 10 km diameter was reduced to rubble. ... MORE. Wazir Khan was killed by combined effort of two brave Sikh Baz Singh and Fateh Singh who dealt the death blow vertically cutting down Wazir Khan from the shoulder to the waist. At this time the Maratha armies were focussed on regaining Delhi and in early 1758, they captured Delhi after defeating Najib Khan. We will be happy to have you on board as a blogger, if you have the knack for writing. The British had 30 ships of the line commanded by Admiral the Honourable Augustus Keppel in HMS Victory. A concerted attack on the fort of Sirhind was made by the Sikhs and Marathas on 8 March 1758. Alliances changed by the month. According to Wiki, this map shows maximum limit of maratha empire. After Ahmed Shah Durani’s fourth invasion, on March 21, 1758, Marathas, Mughal Governor of Bist Doab and the Khalsa Army joined hands to capture Sirhind from the Afghans. Just drop in a mail at toiblogs@timesinternet.in with a brief bio and we will get in touch with you. So, in 1758, a for the first time an Indian army of Sikh-Maratha alliance marched against the Afghan lords. He was born in the year 1722 (age 50-51 years at the time of death) in Herat (then Hotak Empire, present-day Afghanistan) or Multan (then Mughal Empire, present-day Pakistan). The Marathas were victorious in the battle and Peshawar was captured. But a tragic incident – the murder of two young boys, the sons of Guru Gobind Singh – cast such a long shadow across Sirhind that it slipped into oblivion. The city was thoroughly sacked and retribution wrecked on Wazir Khan’s Army, officials and anyone even remotely connected with the execution of the younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh. Sirhind was razed to the ground and donkeys were used symbolically to plough the ground but it took four hard fought battles in 1710, 1758, 1762 and 1764. The planned razing of Sirhind could not be carried out as the Khalsa Army had switch over to Guerrilla Warfare once the Imperial Army came. The Sikhs besieged and stormed the city of Sirhind, and captured the city and quickly moved on to attack the Mughals at the Battle of Rahon. However, Abdali returned better prepared in1749, 1752 and again in 1757 ... His return in 1758, saw the Marathas come to the north and take Delhi . They easily defeated Afghans first at Sirhind and completely decimated the city. Ahmad Shah defeated the Marathas at Panipat in January 1761. and struck the Sikhs a severe blow in what is known as Vadda Ghallughara , the Great Massacre , that took place on 5 February 1762. The battle of Sirhind was the last expiring effort of the dynasty of the Moguls, and the last event in the life of Mahomed Shah, who died a month after, in April, 1748, after an inglorious reign of twenty-eight years. After the victory, the town was thoroughly sacked by the victors. Wikipedia LESS This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 01:52. Quite the same Wikipedia. Ahmad Shah Abdali was also known as Ahmed Shah Durrani or Ahmad Shah Abdali Durr-i-Durrani. We need to know more on how, in 1757, the Marathas helped the Sikh in the battle of Sirhind to destroy the Afghan marauders. In next two years, Banda Singh Bahadur created a peasant army and systematically captured Mughal principalities of the present day Haryana keeping 100 km clear of Delhi. Views expressed above are the author's own. It opened in 1882 and consists of an extensive canal system that irrigates more than 2,000 square miles (5,200 square km) of farmland. Finally it was completely destroyed in February 1761 in an [11] attack by the Sikhs, led by Jassa Singh Ahluwalia, who had earlier assisted the Marathas capture Punjab in 1758, [12] [13] and now extended his territory to Taran Taran. Captured. Their advanced division proceeded towards Sirhind. The city was sacked and looted but could not be held as the victors rushed to capture Lahore. The city was sacked and looted but could not be held as the victors rushed to capture Lahore. The system’s headworks, where it draws its water, are on the Sutlej River at Ropar, near the border of On Ahmed Shah’s return to Lahore the Khalsa Army once again captured Sirhind from the Afghans under Zain Khan on April 10, 1762. Early in 1758, the Sikhs, in collaboration with the Marathas, sacked Sirhind, drove Prince Taimur, son ofAhmad Shah and his viceroy at Lahore, out of the Punjab. The Army of Sirhind took to heel and the Khalsa Army captured Sirhind on 12 May 1710. 1758: Abdul Samand Khan of Sirhind and Baba Aalla Singh reached a mutual agreement. Ahmad Samad Khan, with his 10,000 Afghan troops, held out for about two weeks before his capitulation on 21 March. All residents of Sirhind, whether they were men were burned alive or slain. After Ahmed Shah Durani’s fourth invasion, on March 21, 1758, Marathas, Mughal Governor of Bist Doab and the Khalsa Army joined hands to capture Sirhind from the Afghans. The Siege of Sirhind was fought between the Mughals and Sikh forces in 1710. The conquest of Sirhind followed the defeat of the Mughal governor in a pitched battle. After Ahmed Shah Durani’s fourth invasion, on March 21, 1758, the Marathas, Mughal governor of Bist Doab (area between Beas and Sutlej rivers) Adina Beg, and the Khalsa army joined hands to capture Sirhind from the Afghans. The younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh Ji, Sahibzada Zorawar Singh Ji (aged 8) and Sahibzada Fateh Singh Ji (aged 6) are bricked alive for refusing to accept forceful conversion to Islam by Wazir Khan, Governor of Sirhind. Guru Gobind Singh before his death ordained, Banda Singh Bahadur aka Madho Das who once was a bairagi allegedly with mystical powers but had embraced Sikhism at the guru’s behest, to go to Punjab and wreck retribution on Wazir Khan. His appointment of Safdar Jang as … It took another 100 years for the soil/ruins of Sirhind to be spread over the Yamuna – Satluj Doab. There was another attack in early 1758. Due to its strategic location, Sirhind was once a major city – in fact, it was the second most important city in Mughal Punjab after Lahore. The scattering of the soil eventually took place symbolically another 100 years later. Ahmed Shah, Emperor, 1748 The Rohillas As the Afghan power waned, Sirhind was finally captured by the Khalsa Army in January 1764 under Jassa Sigh Ahluwalia. The 18th Century was a fascinating period in the history of Punjab where Sikhs, Marathas, Persians, Afghans and the remnants of Mughal empire clashed to rule or to simply collect revenue and loot without administrative responsibility. Sikandar Shah Suri was occupied with his struggle against Ibrahim Shah Suri when Humayun mobilized an army from Kabul. Jassa Singh Ahluwalia and other head of the Misls ploughed the area using yoked donkeys. He gave Banda, Hukamnama for Sikhs of Punjab, 25 Sikhs from his loyal followers and 5 arrows from his quiver. Tortured by the Sikhs, led by Banda Singh Bahadur entered the city was divided and allotted various... With some rajput support and 15000 Sikhs went to present day pakisthan and conquered it they Delhi. 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